Theories of Expertise
What processes underlie expert processing?
As soon as you carry out a search on expertise on any scientific database, the first thing you’ll notice is that there is no shortage of articles and the literature seems to be limitless! While the field of expert processing research continues to grow, crossing domains, modalities, and paradigms, four main theories seem to be in greatest contention in terms of completeness and elaboration. Borrowing from works by some of the earliest psychologists and cognitive scientists (from De Groot (1966) searching to categorize knowledge and intuitive experience to Miller (1956) who spelled out a still mostly uncontested limitation on mental processes, 7 +/-2) these theories all attempt to qualify, explain, and predict phenomena seen in expertise. What remains to be seen is which theory can subsume the other three, thus incorporating all their strengths and compensating for each of their weaknesses.
© Copyright Victor Long, Chandra Singh, and David Snitkof 2005
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